Posted in: Health and Fitness

Types of Head Injury

Head injury is trauma to the head that causes a neurological deficit. Most people in Idaho Falls get head injury after traffic accidents and after blunt trauma to the head. The head injury requires urgent treatment because you can suffer from serious brain injury or even problems with balance. You will also require Idaho Falls balance assessment to determine whether the head injury has affected the region that controls balance and coordination.

When you get trauma to your head, it is vital to seek medical attention because some severe injuries may not bleed or cause immediate symptoms, but they worsen with time. When you visit the doctor, they will take your medical history and then do a thorough physical examination to confirm the injury’s severity. to restore the function of your brain. Treatment of the head injury will depend on the severity of the injury and the part of the affected brain

How Does Head Injury Present?

The symptoms of head injury vary depending on whether the injury is mild or severe. Bleeding is one symptom of a head injury, but it does not occur in all head injuries. The brain is one of the body areas that have excellent perfusion and is therefore prone to bleeding after an injury. After a minor injury to the head, you may experience headaches, nausea, lightheadedness, and confusion.

Idaho Falls balance assessment

Sometimes after a mild trauma to the head, you may experience ringing in the ears and a spinning sensation. If you have severe trauma to the head, you can experience severe head injury symptoms, including loss of consciousness, convulsions, memory loss, loss of balance, and disorientation in time, place, and person.

Loss of vision, muscle weakness, and severe headaches are other symptoms of a severe head injury. Sometimes you may experience vomiting, drainage of the cerebrospinal fluid through the nose or ear, and mood swings. These symptoms may not appear until several days after the injury, and therefore you should watch out for them and present yourself to the doctor if any of these symptoms surface.

What Are the Types of Head Injury?

There are six types of head injuries: concussion, hemorrhage, hematoma, edema, fracture of the skull, and diffuse axonal injuries. A concussion is a brain injury that occurs when your brain hits on the skull bone after trauma to the head and resulting in temporary loss of brain function. If you suffer many concussions, you may get a permanent brain injury.

Hemorrhage refers to bleeding that occurs after your head undergoes trauma injuring the blood vessels in your head. The bleeding can occur in the meninges that protect your brain or inside your brain. Bleeding in the head presents with vomiting and severe headaches. It would help if you got urgent treatment to relieve the pressure that the blood puts on your brain.

A hematoma occurs after blood collects outside your brain. This blood can clot and squeeze your brain, and if untreated, you may develop permanent loss of brain function. When fluid collects in your brain, you develop a type of injury called edema, which can damage your brain because the skull only has three contents that are the brain, the blood, and the cerebrospinal fluid.

Sometimes you may fracture the skull after trauma to the head, but this is a rare occurrence because the skull is rigid and lacks the bone marrow. A penetrating skull injury can cause brain damage. A shear injury, which is also referred to as a diffuse axonal injury, is a severe type of head injury that damages the brain cells and may sometimes lead to death.

Head injury is trauma to the head that causes neurological damage, and the presentation depends on whether it is mild or severe. Mild head injury presents with mild headache and nausea while severe type may present with memory loss, loss of balance, and disorientation. You should seek immediate medical treatment after trauma to the head to prevent severe complications.