Gyn Checkups: What to Expect and Importance

Having gynecological tests is an essential step in womens care and health in matter’s regarding their reproductive organs. According to a recent study, 20% of cancer cases are detected during gynecological checkups.

It is essential to get a gynecological test when:

  • 13-15 years- although pelvic exams are not necessary.
  • You notice symptoms such as pelvic pains, irregular periods, odor, and discharge.
  • For sexually active individuals
  • An annual pap smear test for adults between the ages of 21 – 29 years.

What to Expect During a gynecological Checkup?

Family Health History

The gynecologist will ask you a few questions regarding your family’s health, such as cases of cancer and diabetes.


The gynecologist performs several tests to assess the health of your reproductive organs. These include;

Breast Exam

Also referred to as a mammogram, it consists of the manual examination of breasts. The gynecologist will run their hands over your breasts to identify any lumps.

Pelvic Exams

They involve looking into the uterus, bladder, ovaries, cervix, fallopian tube, and rectum.

The specialist conducts a manual examination of the vagina by inserting a finger or two to check for the shape and size of the organs.

In the rectum, he/she may insert a finger in gloves to check for abnormalities or tumors.

To detect cysts in the ovaries, or other complications in the organs and ultrasound may be conducted. If need be, a laparoscopy procedure is conducted, where a device is inserted in the pelvic cavity.

Pap Smear Test

This test involves taking a sample of the fluid from the vagina and some cells from the cervix. The samples are then tested to detect any pre-cancer or cancer cells and STDs.

Testing for Other Diseases

After successful completion of the breast and pelvic exams, the gynecologist may test for other sexuality-related diseases such as:

  • Chlamydia
  • Hepatitis C
  • Gonorrhea

Birth Control

For sexually active women, the gynecologist advises on the best birth control methods depending on your age and health conditions.

How Often Should You Go for gynecological Checkups

It is recommended that every female above the age of 21 should have annual gynecological checkups and Pap smear tests every three years, whether or not they are sexually active.

Special conditions that require more frequent gynecological check-ups include:

  • When planning for pregnancy
  • When you have a history of sexually related health issues.
  • Abnormal Pap Smear results in the past.
  • When you notice breast lumps.


Regular gynecological exams help identify cancer cells and thus prevent their development.

An annual test helps improve a woman’s reproductive health by evaluating problems related to women’s reproductive organs.

Gynecological checkups help in the identification and treatment of reproduction-related issues such as infertility and sexual dysfunction amongst women.

The test helps women identify the best-suited birth control methods.


Gynecological checkups are necessary for all women of all ages without considering their sexual activity. When conducted regularly, they help to detect problems and prevent further damage to a woman’s reproductive organs.